About Techichi Dogs

The Deer Type Chihuahua is the modern name for the original Techichi Dog.

The Techichi Dog of America is the original landrace small native dog that has been widespread  over the North and South America, from top to bottom, though its current epicenter is probably the Southwestern US and Northern Mexico from San Diego to El Paso, where they are still extremely common and popular little desert adapted dogs.

Though the Techichi Dog is regarded as the Mexican  ancestor of the AKC Chihuahua, AKC Chihuahuas are an offshoot of the Techichi, not the reverse, for most Techichi were local village dogs, only a very few of whom were used by breeders of the modern Chihuahua. The only proof that there is some persistent Techichi blood in the AKC Chihuahua is how many of them do not have the more acceptable apple head, but instead, have the appealing deer head and sometimes even the deer type body in a minute form.

The Techichi also runs larger than the AKC Chihuahua, averaging in at 10 pounds. This is almost double the acceptable AKC Chihuahua size and 20 pound Techichis are not sought after, but not unknown.

The first goal of this website is to restore knowledge about the Techichi Dog. The dog is still here and is far from extinct. It usually goes by the name of Deer Chihuahua or deer type Chihuahua or  deer head Chihuahua  and certainly does not need to be recreated as a breed, because, it was never lost.  It just needs to be recognized as the special type of dog it is- and perhaps to reclaim its ancient name instead of being considered as a flawed or oversized, deer Chihuahua.

Another goal of this website is to recognize individual dogs of this type and to introduce and even showcase them here. I hope to provide a little format by which people can “register” their dog and info about it and pictures- a little facebook for Techichis. I hope this will become a “database” so to speak, where people can come and learn about the “breed” in general as well as see many examples of Techichi types. I will have pages for each of the offshoots of the original Techichi type dog and all the major variations, which, I promise, will surprise many of you!

I am also hoping other people who are interested in the history and genetics of these little dogs will find these pages and join me in pursuing the trail of a lovable small dog! Perhaps Techichis can even gain recognition as a landrace breed, though that seems far fetched at the moment.

 

59 Comments

ryan

i believe i have a techichi dog. i never knew what she was exactly until looking at this site. i always thought she was 1/2 chihuahua and 1/2 something else, but i am pretty confident this little dog is a techichi. i have pictures of her that i can send out to you, and am very much interested in any additional information regarding this breed. thanks.

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Kate

Hi Ryan
I just began to work on these pages. I have a lot of photos and many of them are of doggies that look like chihuahua crosses. You may email me your phot or just post it if the comments will let you.
Thanks!

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Carla

Are you still monitoring this site? I’d love more info on techichi, I have one. He is ten pounds, almost all brown, like a dark fawn color.

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Gina

I believe I too have a Techichi . I intend to do a DNA test on her which will be very interesting

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    Caitlin Williams

    Please share the DNA results

    Reply

Guaili’s mommy

This is awesome. Thanks for the info. I am pretty sure I am mommy to a Techichi baby. He is not as temperamental as crazy lil chihuahuas can be, a bit bigger than most chihuahuas and in my opinion is so much more handsome in the face since he has his deer shaped little head. I always knew he was no ordinary chihuahua

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Maryelle

I rescued a Chihuahua, she is about 9lbs. Could she be a cross, and, if so, what with?

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    Caitlin Williams

    A lot of 9 pound chihuahuas are just 9 pound chihuahuas or a 9 pound techichi

    Reply

frank kriegel

I am the very happy buddy of Esopo, a techichi genius and saint, here in Merida in the Yucatan of Mexico. A better dog could not be imagined. my manager found him tied by a rag to a heavy chain three years ago on the sidewalk here. He was a perfectly healthy puppy of three months the veterinarian said. In one day he was completely housetrained and knew his name. I wish you every success in popularizing the techichi. The Maya here claim the breed as their own. They deny that it has any original connection with the Toltecs, bloody cousins of the bloody Aztecs. The techichi always has amber colored eyes and fur the color of chocolate. It is never and was never a food source. It was used as a hot water bottle in the hammock for old people, the sick and children. A kinder and smarter dog can not be imagined , but a sworn and implacable foe of non-canine quadrupeds. Esopo has not been neutered.

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    Dave Belton

    I have met Frank’s dog Esopo and he is the cutest little dog I have encountered in a long time.
    Dave

    Reply

frank kriegel

I live in the Yucatan and my buddy Esopo is a techichi.

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geoff and jane

Hi Kate,
Our names are Geoff and Jane and we live in Australia.
We have set up a Website which is all about Chihuahuas.
From what we’ve read we thought that the Techichi was extinct.
It would be absolutely wonderful if this was not the case.
How does one prove a breed’s identity?
We would love to see more pictures of your Techichi.
We clicked into the Picture Gallery, but none of the photos opened up, so we couldn’t see anything.
We would love to see those pictures if you would like to send them to us.
This is our Website: http://cheekychihuahuaproducts.com
The information part is still under construction and we don’t have products yet.
Please feel free to browse the whole site and we’d love you to make some comments as well.
Thank you.

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    Neil Martin

    I have a Techichi, they aren’t extinct lol. I don’t care what the AKC says. They are hypocrites. If a Techichi is a “Chihuahua” then why don’t they let them compete?
    They are twice the size, look wildly different and have completely different temperaments. No other breed has that kind of variety and is still considered the same breed. That’s ridiculous.

    Reply

    Caitlin Williams

    my site has been neglected. I will redo the photo shows soon.

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Gina

I have what I believed to be a Techichi but I had her DNA done and though her Dad is a pure Deer head chihuahua her Mother was a rescue dog. The DNA results show that there are Dachshund and Rat terriers on the Mothers side. My Jodie looks like a Deerhead but she is large, more the size of a small Jack Russell and she weighs 18lb.

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Deni

Hi I am very interested in the Techichi, how do I go about finding one, or two? Do you raise them?

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    Caitlin Williams

    Hi
    The pound is the best place to get these dogs- at least the pounds in the southwest usually have several. I am not a breeder; I am an anthropologist of sorts who figured out the puzzle of the little dogs so common from Texas to CA. I think you can find one almost anywhere. Techichis are a phenotype, not a genotype dog. So look for one whose size and looks appeal to you.

    Reply

Chris Felella

I am Not sure if I got a chihuahua or techichi and he is a beaut

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Joel Manjarrez

My Willie Boy is a deerhead and I think he has a close resemblance to the pictures I found online of this dog. He’s pretty big too, about 10 pounds (tall long legs). I could send some pictures of him If you’d like.

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Neil Martin

Glad I found this page. I’m getting a lil sick of people calling my dog a Chihuahua. Nothing against Chihuahuas but thats just not fair to him.
He has zero aggression. You can take any treat he is in the middle of eating right from him and he wont even get mad. He only barks if told to, or someone knocks on the door. Never yaps.
Extremely smart. He was potty trained in one day. I put down a Pee Pad and that was his spot to go forever. And if those weren’t enough reasons, he’s huge and looks nothing like a Chihuahua.

I really hope the word can get out so people can learn these are two different kinds of dogs with different temperaments. Yappy, mean, aggressive chihuahuas are giving our calm dogs a bad name.

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    Deserae Clark

    Nobody thinks my purebred Chihuahua is a Chihuahua.

    She has the same characteristics you described and doesn’t look like a Chihuahua.

    Her head is deer head but flatter. I have seen it referred to as a “pear head” and an unwanted recessive characteristic.

    She looks like a tiny deer, not the round look of a Chihuahua.

    She is a doll.

    I actually dislike Chihuahuas, and I fell in love with her.

    Reply

      Caitlin Williams

      I have seen a lot of akc-bred chis with the deer or pear head. The akc doesn’t like seeing it, but it is the original head shape of her 10 pound ancestors.

      Reply

sandy blake

Wow, what a revelation. The wonderful little dog that everyone called a chihuahua for 7 years and I knew wasn’t is undoubtedly a Techichi. I found him at a shelter, Calm good companion but fiercely territorial. He weighs about 9 1/2 lbs and has long legs with dainty feet more adapted for running, not like the splayed feet of chihuahuas and a longer face. ( Difficulty finding pictures, but I guess that is the “deer face”)

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quinny82

Kate,
So I posted a big long reply, then WordPress asked me to log in and it got deleted. I can’t retype it all, so I’ll just say this…

I acquired a Techichi yesterday. I can’t believe it. What a special little guy he is. At first I thought he was just a lanky Chihuahua, but I found he’s a deer head, but much larger than your typical Chihuahua. Very large ears, and beautiful. I hope you get your photos fixed soon so I can compare him with your pups!!

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Gina Dumpleton

Wow, at last more is being said of the Techichi. I am sure that is what my dog is. I had her DNA done and was told that she is 90percent Chihuahua but there is Dachshund and also Rat terrier, which I believe is an American dog, though I live in the UK. She is a lovely sable colour and is a Deer head. No aggression, no yapping. Only barks whe n someone comes to the door. She is very wary of stranges and will not let them pet her, she just backs off.
She likes to make friends in her own time. If a stranger visits us she is best ignored and go up to make friends when she feels happy with the situation.
She has lovely big ears and she herself is large. Weighing 17lb
We could not wish for a more lovable dog.

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    Caitlin Williams

    Your dna sample is typical of techichis. They are mutts, not purebred. That high amount of Chihuahua is not likely to be from AKC chihuahuas, but from the same stock from which the AKC dogs originated. I wish a lot more folks would get dna tests for their techichis- we could probably prove something.

    Reply

      Romanie Baines.

      I have a wonderful 8lb 6oz rescue boy who I adopted. He was brought to a shelter in Manhattan, NYC, where I live, from a kill shelter in LA in hopes of being adopted here. His appearance is definitely that of the Deerhead Chihuahua / Techichi. He has short, tan / rust colored fur and a pink nose. He is not yappy at all, he loves walks no matter the weather, and never seems to tire, not very much typical Chihuahua behaviour.
      We had his DNA done and it came back as 50 per cent Chihuahua and 50 per cent Russell Terrier. A cross I would never have suspected. He does like to try to hunt for mice on the sidewalks on his walk at night, perhaps that trait comes from his Russell side.

      Reply

        Caitlin Williams

        I am loving this story! Thanks!

        Reply

Gina Dumpleton

Many thanks for your comments, I am now convinces that Jodie is a Techichi. I believe they were Mexican hunting dogs and Jodie does love to hunt! She watches, goes down on her front legs and stalks the squirrels before going in for the chase. This is all done in silence, she does not stand yapping under the trees as I have seen other dogs do.

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Victoria Glover

We have 2 Techichi dogs. A fawn male and a white female. Both of whom are fixed. Both rescues.

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Gina Dumpleton

Hi were they rescued as Techichi dogs or as Chihuahuas?

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    Caitlin Williams

    Techichis are always called “chihuahuas” at rescue places.
    Like the person above who genetically tested their dog, they also will test out genetically as having chihuahua genes. The answer is that they are from the same mother-stock that created the AKC chihuahua.

    AKC chis are rather different looking from the “deer” chihuahuas found in pounds and rescues. These deer chihuahuas are descendants of the original techichi dogs found in the Southwest US -so the techichis are country are cousins to the elite inbred AKC Chihuahuas, you might say.

    Reply

      Dennis Marie Pollock

      National Geographic did dna testing on the native dogs and Chihuahuas were the highest percentage. They compared the dna to the dogs in tombs in Mexico and the Southwest. So if the AKC Chihuahua could be bred from the Techichi dogs, which probably included the Xolos, then the Techichi can be bred back the other way from the Chihuahua, as the genes are still there. Techichi is not a “breed” but a type of dog. I have acquired a deer type chi and a Xolo female (s) and when they are older intend to look for an appropriate male to do just that. I love the look and personality of these dogs.

      Reply

        Caitlin Williams

        I agree with you. I have a hairless Chihuahua. Xolos are an AKC breed. Hairless chihuahuas are techichi dogs- a landrace type. Xolos are in the process of being purebred, the name of the breed is patented and I don’t use it. “Mexican hairless” is what the non-Akc hairless dogs are.

        Reply

      Gina Dumpleton

      I have read that Techichi are an old Mexican breed of hunting dog and my Jodie loves to hunt! She stands still in the Park ( my Husband was taught in the Army that you can see more when standing still rather than being on the move ) Jodie knows this from instinct. Then when she sees a squirrel she freezes, goes down on her front legs and slowly stalks the squirrel until the time is right to go in for the chase. Unlike other dogs in the park who tear around barking and jumping up trees. This trait in her must be from the a Techichi as I have yet to see Chihuahuas hunt like this. Though I may be wrong as I don’t see many Chi’s off lead in the park. I would be really interested to hear you views on this.

      Reply

        Caitlin Williams

        Techichis are natural dogs, AKC chichuahuas are not. Techichi types were great for bunnies and ground squirrels, even mice. lizards provide a lot of hunting practice, though they rarely catch one!

        Reply

Dennis Marie Pollock

The Xolo is the National dog of Mexico, and I understand that they do not like the name “Mexican hairless”, not sure why not, consider it derogatory? There is a gal in S. CA breeding mini- Xolo’s, she has crossed them with tiny Chihuahuas, I want to go the other way, bringing out the larger, like 10-20 lbs, so they will be sturdier and less prone to the hypoglycemia problems Chihuahuas have. I never liked Chihuahuas, but just love these little dogs I have acquired since I now know the history and want to bring back the Techichi. I picked my coated Xolo out of a litter of 3, the other 2 and the parents were hairless.

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    Caitlin Williams

    I hope to hear more about your future adventures!

    Reply

Dennis Marie Pollock

There are statues of applehead Chihuahua type Techichi type, dogs from the tombs in Mexico, so they are also part of the background. Does anyone know if there is dna testing for the native American gene markers yet? If you read the articles that came out of the Nat Geo study, there are very specific gene markers that only are carried by the dogs who carry it, like the Techichi types, the Carolina dogs, the Inuit and Greenland dogs, and the Alaskan Malamutes. I think the one for the Techichi types is 148 and I don’t know if the kits you can buy include the new information. The markers came from skeletons in tombs in Mexico and other places.

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    Caitlin Williams

    Good comments. I will keep an eye out for that information. What I do know is that AKC Chis have proven native genes and techichi types test out as part Chihuahua.
    I like to assert that is because the East Coast breeders used techichi stock from the Southwest from El Paso tp LA to create the AKC breed..

    Reply

      Dennis Marie Pollock

      They used dogs from Mexico, if you read the history, they allegedly found them running around in Chihuahua, hence the name. They bred them to reduce size, but perhaps the inbreeding preserved the native genes, as they are the dogs with the highest percentage of native dna. They did use breeds such as Chinese crested to reduce size, but there is some interesting info that the hairless gene came from the Americas. There is also the Peruvian hairless breed that has a good percentage of native dna.

      Reply

        Caitlin Williams

        I have read as many histories as I can find – in English and Spanish. “They found them running around in Chihuahua” is a myth. I have written several posts on the actual origin of the AKC breed as opposed to the native stock from whence they came. AKC breeders always lie about the origins of their breed and the “wild dogs around the ruin in Chihuahua” is one of the biggest lies.

        Also the Chinese Crested is not Chinese. it is not old and it was developed by a couple of Americans in the 20th Century by Ida Garret and Deborah Wood based on hairless dogs they collected. The only hairless gene is from Mexico and is a several thousand year old mutation. ALL other hairless dogs have the same gene the, FOXI3, whether from Peru or the Chinese Crested. Please look around my blog for the facts, because you are almost right.

        Reply

Dennis Marie Pollock

Your blog and the National Geo research project on “What happened to the native dogs?” Is what got me interested, so I have been reading every article I can find. I am excited about doing something to preserve some of the natives. I have been reading about the Tahltan Bear Dogs as well, they are also somewhat of a “Techichi” type. I am sure the First Americans bred their dogs to standards, by jobs and types, just as people all over did. Even the Roman matrons had lap dogs,etc. Since there is now dna to prove ancestry, people breeding dogs that just “look” like natives will get weeded out. I can work with these smaller ones, so if any of you out there are interested, contact me. There are a lot of articles, some contradicting each other, so have to work through them.

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    Caitlin Williams

    I am so glad you are interested in this. I found that books by the founders of the Chihuahua breed like Kaufman, “The chihuahua” and Hairless dogs the Naked truth by reyes and someone else- this is not a book store book, but can be found by googling it. The writers have the most complete story, in English, of the hairless dogs and Chihuahuas are mentioned enough to learn who developed the breed in the early 20th Century. and James Watson tells how the breeding stock all came from the US southern border from El Paso to Tucson.James Watson was a founder of the AKC and writes about how he found his Chihuahua, Manzanilla. Also, if you read Spanish get a hold of “the “Enigma of the Xoloitzquintle”. I have been away from this site so long, I don’t remember if I have a bibliography.

    The native dogs were all “landrace dogs. That is they were NOT inbred, or bred to a standard, but bred by function alone. Most of the landrace dogs were allowed to breed without much human interference. Most also tended to stick close to the original archetype whether large, medium of small, that is the archetype of a wolves, but in coyote and fox sizes as well.

    The small dogs under 20 pounds all have a mutation that affects their size and none with that mutation are over 20 pounds. That mutation is very old and found in dogs all over the world.

    Border Collies are a great way to learn about Euro landrace dogs. You have your inbred akc border collies and you have your working border collies who vary far more in their ears, tail set coat lengths etc. AND you have a debate about which is the better working dog that is great to learn about. Non AKC border collie working dogs are bred for their abilities, first and not looks.
    I have mentioned all these things in more detail in various posts, so I hope you find them and comment on them too.

    Reply

Barbara

We purchased a “chihuahua” puppy in 2001. Since she grew tall (long slim legs) with a longer body, weighed up to 12 pounds and had a beautiful elegant head (not apple!) we thought she may be a mixed breed. In 2012, while travelling in Florida, a man asked me where I got my deer-head chihuahua – I was quite surprised and had never heard of such a dog. He educated me a bit saying he had had several before. Daisy was THE smartest dog we have ever seen. She used a litter box (shared with 2 cats) & also did her business outside when asked, As a puppy she knew the names of more than 12 toys and continued to bring us the correct one when asked well into old age. For her size, she loved to go on walks through fields and on sidewalks alike and could jump up into our arms with ease. Sadly we lost her to cancer in June 2015. I am looking to find another deer-head but haven’t found one…..we would love to take a rescue in her memory.

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Karen Ash

I rescued popi who is a 6lb.chihuahua. I’m not positive weather he’s full blooded or not. he sure looks and acts like one.
I’m greatfull for this app.
my daughter has a chi-poodle. she’s 1/2 chihuahua 1/2 poodle. Sophie has had 2 litter of pups. the first one she had 4 remarkable pups, all short haired. the 2nd liter she had 3 only 1 died. the 2boys she kept and they r long haired and way bigger then Sophie. …I’m thinking they might have techichi in them. is that possible.???

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Nonofyourbusiness

Not to rain on anyone’s parade… Genetic analysis grouping dog breeds show that the Chihuahua most closely clusters with European origin breeds, suggesting that there was extensive crossbreeding to small terrier types in more recent times. The common pariah-type street dogs of today in Mexico probably do have varying degrees of Euro dog admix… the ones from the most remote indigenous villages are probably the most pure descendants of the Techichi dogs. Also check out the a hunting breed from southern Spain called the Podenco orito espanol – the chocolate n tan variety looks very much like a neighbour’s rescue from Mexico. I’m curious as to whether the similarities in appearance between the deer type chi’s, the common Mexican xolo/techichi type street dogs and the podencos/podengos from Iberia, are just superficial or if there is actually common descent – tracing back to the times after the Spanish conquest (native dogs from the New World possibly influencing the Iberian prick-eared hounds and vice-versa).

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    Caitlin Williams

    If you read my blog, you would see I have covered all those points. Of course the techichi types are mostly Euro- the point is they have a few Native genes!!! And, they have nevertheless maintained their original techichi phenotype.

    Reply

Dennis Marie Pollock

According to the dna analysis that nat geo has done, the modern Chihuahua has the most concentrated of the native genes. Of course that is in general and that is only a mitochondrial dna study. It would be interesting to test the Spanish dogs to see if they were influenced by techichi genes. The Spanish conquistadores certainly ATE a lot of the techichi dogs.

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Jennifer

I was given a dog which I was told was part dachshund and part Chihuahua. I had DNA testing done and it came out 100% Chihuahua. When I questioned the results they checked it against dachshunds and there was no match. My dog is 14 lbs, super friendly, longer snout, and longer legs than a typical chihuahua and beautiful dark brown fur, fawn colored legs, a greyish black snout, and his two front paws are splayed. Not a yappy dog. Only whines when I kiss the Alpha Male in the house (my boyfriend). Barks when the doorbell rings and when he sees people outside the front window.

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    Caitlin Williams

    That’s fantastic! I hope you can post a photo on the techichi.org Facebook page!

    Reply

Walter Zammit

We have a long hair Chihuahua who looks unique. I would like to post a picture to get some feedback.

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    Caitlin Williams

    That’s fantastic! I hope you can post a photo on the techichi.org Facebook page!
    https://www.facebook.com/TechichiDogs

    Reply

    Caitlin Williams

    Walter
    My free wordpress dot com blog does not have slideshows, but you can post it on the Techichi Dogs page on Facebook. I would love to see her.

    Reply

Jeffrey Dimaoala

Good to know. I have a deerhead chihuahua and she’s over 10 pounds and has a long lean body. I often wondered if she was part terrier or something

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    Caitlin Williams

    If you ever take a photo of her, paste it to https://www.facebook.com/TechichiDogs.

    Genetic testing is also enlarging the known genetics of this akc chihuahua parental stock beginning to be known as techichis!

    It costs about $85.00, but if you can afford to test your girl, it will help develop a genetic base beyond the akc stock.
    http://www.wisdompanel.com/wisdom-panel-4-0/

    Reply

    Caitlin Williams

    Those deer chis have some of the same ancient genes as they had back before Chihuahuas were a gleam in the AKC’s eye. A genetic test can prove it and that is better than a pedigree- in my opinion-

    Personally I think if it looks like a deer chi, it is probably a techichi of some sort.

    Reply

tumbleweed

my little buddy, roscoe, appears to be a techichi. however, he has white fur with brown patches, and weighs 5 pounds. other than those two things, he looks exactly like a techichi. a woman brought him to me with worms, and fleas, she said “you need each other”. i took him to the vet, and had him taken care of. he has been with me for 7 years now, i love him more than anything in this world, now that my parents are gone. he is smarter than a lot of humans. he plays mental games with me, all the time. like he will put his ball just inches out of my reach, where i can’t reach it. i will say “bring it to me” and he will pick it up and put it back in the same spot, and then almost as if he is laughing at me, he will put it in my hand. i love the way he gets excited and runs around in circles. sometimes he takes his ball and runs from one end of the house to the other then back and forth for long periods of time. he’s is like one little muscle. he is the most incredible dog i have ever met. are they the same dog that they used in the circus to dance around and wear a tutu? is there a possibility that he is techichi, even though he only weighs 5 pounds, and does not have brown fur?

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    Caitlin Williams

    His colors do not count because any color is ok. 5 pounds is small, but they do come that small. My daughter has one that is 4 pounds we call Dolly. The tiny ones are sports, and do not occur often, but they are the size some people expect to get. The AKC chi is large when over 5 pounds, so it is all a matter of perspective.

    Reply

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