Hairless Chihuahuas- and Hairy Chinese Cresteds

My conclusion that the Powderpuff Chinese Crested is the genuine breed and the hairless CC is a variation has been met without a protest, so far, but I expect someone will come along and argue with me about it, sooner or later, because it is a point no one has really discussed.

Is it possible that that thought has not occurred to CC breeders? It is possible, because everyone is so busy thinking the hairless ones are the breed and the Ppuffs are some kind of surplus or bonus. It is almost the same in the Xoloitzquintle breed, where the hairy pups just look like Mexican street dogs compared to their naked brethren.

Well, since I have a hairless Chihuahua, I propose to use the Chihuahua breed as the example. Chihuahuas are a breed of long standing in the kennel clubs. They have a type, a look, they are a distinct breed. Even the non akc Chihuahuas are obviously Chis, even when they weigh in at  a non-fat ten pounds. Natural, local Chihuahuas can’t be mistaken for any other breed. They always had short or slick hair until Ida Garrett purified some long haired chis and got that variation instituted in the AKC. Now, if you say “deer type Chihuahua” in a dog forum, a chorus of, “there is no such thing as a deer type Chihuahua.There are only long and short haired variations.” will arise from  at least one person, who is obviously brainwashed by the Chihuahua Club of America- or whatever the breed club calls itself.

The fact is that there are deer type chihuahuas and hairless chihuahuas. “Chihuahua” is a borrowed name for a whole class of dogs in Northern Mexico and southern Arizona called Techichis by the Nahuatl locals. Even the AKC breed looks like the range of types seen in non purebred chis, but I take this up in various other places.

You can take a long legged deer Chihuahua with its short, slick hair and breed it to a small hairless dog. Lets say a hairless Chinese Crested. I have a link for the genetics of size in small dogs under favorite books if you want to learn more about runty dogs. Anyway, one of the pups is highly likely to get hairless gene, maybe 2. The pups who didn’t get the hairless genes look like Chihuahuas, even if oversized. Sell or give them away as Chihuahuas, because that is clearly what they are. People have expectations of what Chihuahuas are, and these dogs meet it in the same way as the Chihuahua landrace dog always has.

Now in the case of the Xolo, the Naked dogs are the stars, the hairy ones hardly even have a name or even much status except as hairy xolos, which is an oxymoron. Same with Powderpuffs. They aren’t a breed; it is the hairless cresteds that define the breed. So the hairy versions really have no distinction on their own. You NEVER see a hairy xolo in a shelter! That’s because when they are hairy, they are not recognized as being xolos too. Yet, it does appear that the hairy xolos are the same as the old Nahuatl landrace  dogs. In any case the naked ones tend to have very little hair compared to Cresties.

chinese crested
chinese crested Pasted from

Cresties have a strange permutation on the hairless gene that makes some dogs with the hairless gene more hairy than the AKC standard allows. What is allowed is a crest on the head that can extend like a mane to the shoulders and little muffs of hair on their feet like Clydesdale horses.  However few Cresties are born in that sweet spot of stylish hairlessness. Most of the so called hairless Cresties have more hair than that. It starts out in funny patches of hair on the body like hair spots, but it can get much patchier than that with H patterns connecting hair which goes all the way up the legs and extending the mane down to the tail. Then there are the really hairy hairless, the ones covered with a single coat of fluffy hair all over their bodies. These are the ones that look like powderpuffs and they have been in the breed since the beginning.

A fully hairy hairless dog Falca
A fully hairy hairless dog



Thanks for the post!!



I found another transription of an Amy Fernandez article on hairless dogs, which once again mentioned the Chihuahua+Crested connection if you go back early enough in the breeds:


Kate Williams

Thanks as always. Avery good article, more accessible than her book.



I found out that's it's from this issue of an Australian dog magazine (which you can read online): has a ton of articles on the various hairless breeds. Good reading.



Can I ask if the white dog pictured is yours if not do you remember where pictures were found?


    Caitlin Williams

    She is our dog, born to my bitch.


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